The Cause of the Civil War: Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
During the period between 1790 and 1850, the United States was rapidly changing. It was now a separate country with its own economy, laws, and government. The country was learning to live on its own, apart from England. There began to appear a rift between North and South. The North believing in the Puritan Merchant role model, and the South in the role model of the English Country Squire. The North traded with everyone, while the South traded primarily with England. The major crop in the South was tobacco, and because of the decline in the price of tobacco the slave trade was dying, just as those in the North hoped it would. Then came a man, and an invention, which changed the course of history. In 1792, Eli Whitney visited the
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This division between morality ultimately led to another ripple in the pond caused by Whitney's cotton gin. This division led to the separation of the churches. Protestant churches began to divide of the issue of slavery, each taking a side, free or slave. The churches that felt slaves should be free existed primarily in the North, and the Southern counterparts held no different view of theology, but instead divided over a moral issue. This furthered deepened the rift between North and South because now their was less of a bond between them. Not even religion held together the North and South and the conflict only escalated because of the lack of communication between both sides. Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin had started a revolution that divided the country, socially economically, politically, and now spiritually.
The next event to divide the nation was the annexation of Texas. Texas was settled as a Mexican territory opened to U.S. settlers in the hope that they would come to Mexico and become a part of the country. This planned failed as U.S. settlers immigrated to Mexico bringing their slaves and forming plantations, but always looking to become a part of the U.S. again. Eventually the Mexican government realized what the Texans were planning and shut down the border. Troops were brought in to enforce the order but the