•social learning theory/cognitive behaviourism
•Piaget’s theory of cognitive development
•Erikson’s theory •developmental systems Define and describe the following research methods •correlational study
•cross sectional study
Study Questions 1. Define cohort and briefly summarize at least one major difference in how different cohorts, past and present, are experiencing childhood, old age, and adulthood (pp. 5-9).
Cohorts are the birth group we grow up with through life.
The past childhood cohort was growing up in a time when there wasn’t …show more content…
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development was that children go through 4 qualitative stages of life stages of intellectual growth. He believed that mental growth happened through assimilation which eventually leads to accommodation in later years. Assimilation involves fitting environmental input to our existing mental capacities. Erikson’s theory was that people were shaped by our sexuality and that our learning did not stop after our childhood years, but that our learning continued on in our entire life. He believed that each psychosocial task could not be completed unless we have learnt the one previous and that they built on one another. Psychosocial tasks are each challenge we face as we go through the eight stages of the lifespan.
6. Compare and contrast the correlational approach with the experimental approach. Your answer should include a description of each