Judaism

1072 words 5 pages
Judaism
Darlene Branconier
REL/134
July 31st, 2012
David Gainey

Judaism
Judaism is among the oldest of the world's major living religious cultures of the Jewish. Rich in culture and history Judaism is the first of three (including Christianity and Islam) monotheistic religions; teaching in the belief in one God. There is a cultural and religious spirit that contributes to the characterization of the Jewish people and the Jewish lifestyle. Influenced by Jewish history, the Jewish festival of Purim is celebration of deliverance from Haman’s plot to massacre the Jewish people and is observed differently within the contemporary branches of Judaism.
The historic origin of Purim was established approximately 2,300 years ago. Based in
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Orthodox Judaism is rigorous about ritual observances, the dietary laws, and keeping the Sabbath. It stresses the absolute authority of revealed Law and looks for the coming of the Messiah. Conservative Judaism while continuing rabbinical Judaism claims the right to adopt the traditions to the conditions of the modern world. It is less rigid in the formulation of requirements than Orthodox Judaism. Reformed Judaism stresses the ethical teachings of the prophets and the growth of an age of justice, truth, and peace. Judaism is regarded as an evolving religious experience that is subject to change (H. H. Titus, 2012). Reconstructionist Judaism is seen as a society of their own with the allowance of individual interpretation. However, Reconstructionist Judaism is the one branch of modern Judaism that is also considered culturally based Judaism. Although there are various branches of Judaism, all branches of Judaism celebrate the Holy day, Purim, and observance of Holy day depend on the belief system of the various branches. Observance practices of Purim can range from celebrating one of the two days of celebration, days of fasting, number of prayers, if a male or female can read the book of Esther, and food, and dress customs. Furthermore, although diversity, belief systems, and religious practices do vary within the varying branches of Judaism, Judaism is of the one religion, for one people,

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