How useful are models of self confidence in developing our understanding of sports performance
Confidence has been outlined as an important and essential mental skill in sporting performance by both athletes and coaches according to Vealey and Chase, 2008. There is a general consensus of support by the literature for a positive relationship between confidence and performance (Moritz, Feltz, Fahrbach, & Mack, 2000 cited by Machida, Ward and Vealey, 2012). In developing an understanding of these models of confidence and efficacy it has become a primary target to increase the confidence of athletes at specific psychological interventions (Hanton & Jones, 1999; Mamassis & Doganis, 2004 cited by Machida, Ward and Vealey, 2012). There are two …show more content…
The study showed that there is a link between self-doubt and increased performance. However as effort did not directly increase as confidence decreased, there is not a direct link shown. Therefore, the precise explanation for which self-confidence will lead to either an increase or a decrease in performance remains contested.
Achievement-related sources of confidence are arguably suggested to be the best in terms of building up levels of athletes’ confidence. Within sports confidence it has been said that controllable factors, for example, comprehensive knowledge (mastery) and mental preparation induce the development of sports confidence more than sources based on uncontrollable aspects, for example, comfort within an environment and a demonstration of ability. (Vealey et al, 1998).
The concept of vicarious experience in improving self-regulation has been a topic of discussion in recent research. “Recent work shows that the state of ego depletion can be vicariously transmitted from a target to a perceiver simply by imagining the perspective of a depleted target i.e vicarious depletion.” (Ackerman et al, 2009 cited by Egan, Hirt and Karpen, 2012). This study asked whether vicarious effects can be extended to the domain of self-regulatory recovery. “In Experiment 1, depleted participants who took the perspective of someone engaging in a restorative activity showed recovered self-control on a later task. Experiments 2 and 3