History and Evolution of the Ict Industry in Zambia
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
NAME: Nash H Kabunda
PROGRAMME: M.Eng ICT
COURSE: EEE6511 (Telecoms Industry, Policy & Regulation)
TASK: Assignment 2
LECTURER: Dr. D. Banda
HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF THE ICT INDUSTRY IN ZAMBIA.
The first telephone exchange to be placed in Zambia was installed in Livingstone in 1913. The telephone circuit backbone infrastructure was developed in the major Zambian cities along the so called “line of rail”. The ‘line of rail’ spans from Livingstone through Lusaka to Copperbelt provinces.
After the independence of Zambia in 1964, the country’s economy was based on socialistic principles until 1991. This means major …show more content…
The ICT policy was launched in 2006, its core areas are capacity building, a competitive and efficient ICT sector and lastly an effective legal and regulatory framework. In order to enforce the new ICT policy, the Zambian parley enacted the Information and Communication Technologies Act in 2009. It provides for the economic and technical regulation of ICT; facilitate access of ICTs; protect the rights and interests of service providers and consumers.
With the introduction of ICT Act, CAZ was renamed Zambia Information Communication and Technology Authority (ZICTA). ZICTA also oversees postal and courier services as prescribed by the Postal Services Act of 2009. In comparison to CAZ, ZICTA gained greater autonomy and had a broader mandate. ZICTA was to lay a more liberal and fair market for competition.
The ICT Act further enabled the telecommunication industry by making the regulator authority more autonomous. The CAZ was in the same ministry as Zamtel therefore decision making was to some extent influenced. This limited the other players in the market. ZICTA provided new heights in the market; it introduced a more subtle approach to market fairness by pushing Zamtel to liberalize the international gateway.
Liberalization of the International Gateway
Zamtel being the