Explian How Individuals with Dementia Communicate Through Their Behaviour

1666 words 7 pages
Task a 103 1. Explain how individuals with dementia may communicate through their behaviour.

Dementia sufferers communicate in many different ways. They may not be able to speak but they can communicate non-verbally with positive or negative behaviour. They can also communicate using body language and through posture.
One service user who was blind was hard to settle, because he couldn’t see it was hard to communicate, he was unable to express himself verbally and he was very anxious and depressed. He had moved from Bala where he was brought up many years ago but he still thought that he lived in Bala and got anxious because he thought he was in someone else’s house, so what we used to do was take him out in the car and drive
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If the individual is kept occupied for part of the day, they will gain a sense of satisfaction and achievement.
For people with dementia, engaging in meaningful activity can help to reduce feelings of isolation and maintain a sense of identity.
Activities can be structured group activities like bingo, exercise, art and crafts or cards or they can be everyday tasks that many of us take for granted, like reading, walking or listening to the radio, these can give the individual great pleasure and bring a purpose to the day. It can also be a welcome distraction from the stress of the illness.

4. Compare a reality orientation approach to interactions with validation approach.

Reality orientation is where you try and keep the individual in the here and now, constantly reminding them of date, time, place and situation they are in. It is not suitable for people who are fixed on believing they are in a certain place or situation and are settled in that belief. Using Reality Orientation in this situation could cause distress.
Validation is using a non-judgemental acceptance and understanding that shows the individual that they are valid and they are worth something. It focuses on feelings.
Validation therapy is suitable for people in all stages of memory loss but particularly useful for people who are often disorientated to time and place and are distressed about their experience.

Task c 1.