Evaluate 
Rachel's 
Arguments 
Against 
Cultural
 Relativism

1696 words 7 pages
PHIL1001 ESSAY
Evaluate
Rachel's
arguments
against
cultural
relativism.
Is
he
right
to
endorse
 objective moral
realism?

DINH NAM TRAN
308213904

Cultural relativism, as defined by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “Is the thesis that a person’s culture strongly influences her modes of perception and thought” Most cultural relativists add to this definition saying that there is no standard of morality. This means that morality is relative to the particular society that one lives in. Prominent ethicist James Rachels has written against this view in his work titled The Challenge of Cultural Relativism. This paper will be focused on evaluating Rachels’ critique of cultural relativism, and whether it was right for him to endorse
…show more content…
Once again strengthening Rachels argument against cultural relativism.
Going from strength to strength, Rachels presents his third argument of logical consequence. Rachels states that if cultural relativism is true, then “the idea of moral progress is called into doubt.” This is to be understood that in societies social changes are for better, and at some times for worse. But with cultural relativism there is no objective moral standard, so social change within a society cannot be judged as being for better or for worse. Rachels gives the example of our contemporary society enforcing equal rights for women and the afro-carribeans of America. Cultural relativist can only see these changes as neutral, or clarifications of already existing social norms. This is the restriction put on moral progress but the ideas of cultural relativism. But according to Rachels, the large majority of people believe these changes in social norms as progress, for the betterment of their society. This is again strengthens Rachels idea that there exist an objective moral standards and also, furthers reaffirms Rachels’ argument that cultural relativism is unsound.
Under the evaluations made so far, Rachels has made strong points to disprove cultural relativism, and has offered three effective arguments for his theory that there exists objective moral realism. Recapping, it was defined by Rachels that objective moral

Related

  • Critically Evaluate the Arguments for and Against Mining and Export of Uranium
    8793 words | 36 pages
  • An Argument Against Slavery Being Good
    1609 words | 7 pages
  • Eric Williams Thesis on Capitalism and Slavery and Arguments Made for and Against the Thesis.
    1560 words | 7 pages
  • The -for and Against Argument with Regards to Innate and Learned Behaviour.
    1147 words | 5 pages
  • Heredity Determines Personality.” (a) Build an Argument to Support This Statement. (B) Build an Argument Against This Statement.
    2771 words | 12 pages
  • Arguments for and Against Complex Regulation in Banking
    1102 words | 5 pages
  • Merrill’s Arguments in “the Professionalization of Journalism” Against Professionalizing Journalism
    1682 words | 7 pages
  • Evaluate Own Current Skills and Competencies Against Professional Standards and Organizational Objectives
    1368 words | 6 pages
  • Problems with Cultural Relativism in Anthropology
    2145 words | 9 pages
  • An Argument Against Same-Sex Adoption
    2926 words | 12 pages