Euh Essay Exam

2412 words 10 pages
EUH 1000
Essay Exam 1
1. Trace the development of law from the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi to the Romans. Include in your discussion the Judaic concept of law and hot it differed from Both Babylon and Rome. Throughout history laws have been in place to restore or keep order in society. Some laws are put into place to protect while some laws are made to punish. No matter the purpose, laws are put in place with the expectation they will be followed. The Code of Hammurabi was commissioned by the Babylonian king Hammurabi. The prologue to his law states, “I established law and justice in the language of the land and promoted the welfare of the people.” (Salisbury and Sherman 13). These set of laws were established to regulate
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After a decisive victory, alongside his co-emperor Licinius, Constantine issued the Edict of Milan which proclaimed toleration and restoration of confiscated Christian property (Salisbury & Sherman 161). The Edict of Milan did not make Christianity the official religion of the land, but it did affirm tolerance and put all of the religions of the land on an even level. It is believed Licinius later began to prosecute Christians because the faith was politically identified with Constantine. In 324 A.D. the two went to war with Constantine winning and becoming the unifier of the Roman world (Harris 56). With the emperor embracing the new religion, the empire saw an increase in social cohesion.
Constantine was responsible for building great Christian monuments. The first was the basilica of the Lateran, built on grounds previously occupied with barracks by the army of Maxentius. He went on to build other great basilicas outside the walls of the city. In 1487, a grand statue of Constantine was found in the western apse of the Basilica of Maxentius (Gabucci 50). Before his death, Constantine began his greatest work, the building of St. Peter’s. A project so enormous it was not completed until after his death. Although Christians were not persecuting their rivals, by the end of Constantine’s reign, Christianity was effectively the state religion.
Of Constantine’s greatest material works, he left behind a new capital called