Distinction Between State and Government

1766 words 8 pages
The state and government are distinguished in terms of functions, structures, duties, composition and the nature of their powers. The state is permanent, whilst government changes, altered or modified and even overthrown. The state employs bureaucrats who employed based on merit and who are politically neutral to conduct its business whilst government consists of elected officials who represent partisan sympathies. The state is more extensive than the government. The state is characterized by state institutions, exercise of legitimacy, territorial association and sovereignty whilst government is composed of three arms namely legislature, executive and judiciary. However the state and government are interrelated as the
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Territorial association, the state exercises jurisdiction within geographically defined borders and in international politics. For example totalitarian states of Hitler in Germany, Stalin in Russia (USSR) and Hussains in Iraq. Contrary ,the government is characterized by legislative which makes laws for example Indigenisation policy ,the executive implements which consist the president Mugabe and cabinet ministers lastly the judiciary interprets laws includes courts like high and supreme court. Therefore state and government are different.
Moreover the state exercises impersonal authority in the sense that the personnel of the state bodies are recruited and trained in a bureaucratic manner and are usually expected to be politically neutrally enabling state bodies to resist the ethusiasisms of the government of the day. On the other hand members in government according Heywood (2000:40),represents the partisan sympathies of those happen to be in power at any particular time. This include elected or appointed officials including the president Mugabe, parliamentarians ,ministers and judges or attorney general Mr Tomana an appointed official.In essence state bureaucrats are to be politically neutral for example permanent secretaries of government institutions like ministry of finance and auditor and comptroller general who are appointed on basis of merit to conduct states business. However, due to the fear of


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