Corporate Environmental and Social Management

7345 words 30 pages
CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT Unit 46 Assignment

Table of Contents Introduction............................................................................................................................ 2 I. The development of global, European and national policies relating to sustainability. 2 1. Changing attitudes of public, politicians and businesses to the environment since 1945 .................................................................................................................................... 2 2. Brundtland definition of ‘sustainable development’ .................................................. 4 3. The international and UK policies to sustainable development since Earth Summit of 1992
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Governments were forced to stop or reduce nuclear testing, which was creating large wastes of radioactive materials such as plutonium and uranium. A widespread public agitation for the environment took place in 1962 with the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (Stoll, 2014), which exposed the harmful effects of the pesticide, DDT. The book exposed the dangerous effects of the pesticide to both human and nonhuman life. The pesticide is very toxic to many animals and micro-organisms. It is responsible for the extinction of many species as it enters the food chain from the plants and increases in concentration due to biological magnification. DDT along with DDE results in the thinning of the eggshell, resulting in egg breakage and embryo death and consequently a decline in the species. In the United States, forty legally registered pesticides have been known to cause all type of cancers to human and nonhuman. Another forty-three legal pesticides are known to cause birth defects. Nonetheless, evidence suggests that the number of crops lost to insects and weeds- main targets of pesticides- have, in fact, increased since the 1940. The reason behind this was because the plant and insect targeted by pesticides have short reproductive cycles and high reproductive rates, hence, immunity to pesticides occurs quickly, which also the reason to promote a new cycle of stronger, more

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