Compare and Contrast the Relative Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions of Usa, China, Germany and India
Compare and contrast the relative hofstede’s cultural dimensions of USA, CHINA, GERMANY AND INDIA
2nd year PGDM
Geert Hofstede is an influential Dutch researcher in the fields of organizational studies and more concretely organizational culture, also cultural economics and management. He is a well-known pioneer in his research of cross-cultural groups and organizations and played a major role in developing a systematic framework for assessing and differentiating national cultures and organizational cultures. His studies demonstrated that there are national and regional cultural groups that influence behavior of societies and organizations.
Geert Hofstede conducted one of the most
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* This translates into a loosely-knit society in which the expectation is that people look after themselves and their immediate families. * Americans are accustomed to doing business with, or interacting, with strangers. Employees are expected to be self-reliant and display initiative. * Decisions are based on merit or evidence of what one has done or can do. | CHINA | * At a score of 20 China is a highly collectivist culture where people act in the interests of the group and not necessarily of themselves. * In-group considerations affect hiring and promotions with closer in-groups (such as family) are getting preferential treatment. * Employee commitment to the organization is low. * Whereas relationships with colleagues are cooperative for in-groups they are cold or even hostile to out-groups. * Personal relationships prevail over task and company. | GREECE | * The German society is a truly individualistic one (67). * Small families with a focus on the parent-children relationship rather than aunts and uncles are most common. * There is a strong belief in the ideal of self-actualization. * Loyalty is based on personal preferences for people as well as a sense of duty and responsibility. * Communication is among the most direct in the world. | INDIA | * India, with a score of 48 is a society with clear collectivistic traits. * This means that there is a high preference for belonging to a