Classic Principal of Argument

878 words 4 pages
Classical Principle of Argument - "What the Waters Revealed"
DeAnna Alexander
November 26, 2012
Lois Theisen

Classical Principle of Argument - "What the Waters Revealed"
Every writer wants to reach their audience and persuade them to his or her point of view. They want to show and maintain authority in an argument, whether in writing or face-to-face. To accomplish that goal, a writer should imply the three classical principles of argument; ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos occurs when an author gains respect based on his or her character. Authors use ethos to convince their audience based on his or her character. Authors using pathos in an argument, it persuades the audience through emotions. Logos supports the argument by
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Willis contends that the 37 million people below the poverty line in America caused the results of Katrina to be so bad because they were the same individuals who could not escape the hurricane (Lamm & Everett, 2007). Facts and figures need to demand supportive evidence from the person writing the material to the audience. There are a number of ways that an author can create authority; using authority from other sources, also known as research is one way, going off his or her knowledge and personal experience, and using an authoritative tone (Lamm & Everett, 2007). From the stories of how the poor people in New Orleans had to wait for refuge after the hurricane, to the negligence of poverty, Willis found ways to capture an audience using the three classical principles of argument as well as using a tone with authority. With authority and the use of ethos, pathos, and logos, he can produce an essay with an effective, persuasive, and strong argument. The essay written by Jim Willis conveyed the importance of poverty and how America only wishes to acknowledge it in tragic times (Lamm & Everett). Through Willis’ logical research, captivation, and experience, the audience can relate and believe the current standings of poverty in America.

Dlugan, A. (2010, January 24). Ethos, Pathos, Logos; 3 Pillars of Public Speaking. Six Minutes.


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