Biography of Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela is recognized for his leadership as a peacemaker and for distinctive aspects of his peacemaking practices all throughout the world. He was the leader of one of the most incredible political transitions in human history. Mandela is known as one of the great moral and political leaders of our times; an international hero whose lifelong dedication to the fight against racial oppression in South Africa, won him the Nobel Peace Prize and the presidency of his country. In his autobiography, A Long Walk to Freedom, he explains the tragedies and triumphs he has seen throughout his life. In the book, you get a glimpse of his life and how he became one of the greatest civil rights leaders in human history. Nelson …show more content…
The rules of Apartheid meant that people were legally classified into a specific racial group, consisting mainly of black, white, colored and Asian. The groups were separated depending on their race. Non-white people were prevented from the right to vote or have any influence over the country. They also received inferior services, such as education, medical care, and other public offerings.
April 1994, South Africa held its first all-race elections, which were won by Mandela and the African National Congress. As president, he established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which investigated human rights violations under apartheid, and introduced housing, education, and economic development initiatives designed to improve the living standards of the country's black population. In 1996, he oversaw the enactment of a new Democratic constitution. The following year, Mandela resigned his post with the ANC and in 1999, did not seek a second term as South African president. After leaving office in June, he retired from active politics.
Throughout this ordeal, Nelson Mandela was married to his second wife, Winnie, often referred to as the Mother of the Nation (South Africa). She is a woman who is either loved or hated, without much in between. She is a controversial figure that has stirred up the pot quite a bit, perhaps even