Battle Analysis of San Juan Hill

1986 words 8 pages
Battle analysis of San Juan Hill
Introduction
Throughout American history, a number of battles come to hold iconic positions in the shaping of this great nation: Lexington and Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Alamo, Gettysburg, Belleau Wood, Pearl Harbor, Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima and the Battle of the Bulge, just to name a few. When the Spanish-American War of is thought of, the Battle of San Juan Hill undoubtedly comes to mind. Americans think of the great sacrifices throughout the fight. They think of Teddy Roosevelt charging up San Juan hill, leading his Rough Riders to a miraculous victory. They remember this all-American combination of valiant cowboys, Ivy Leaguers, Pawnee Scouts, polo players and New York City policemen
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marine forces. Santiago surrendered on 17 July 1898 (Robert, 1993, p. 74).

Actions Taken by US Army
Rough Riders Regiments to accomplish this war
The "Rough Riders" is the name given on the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, one of three such regiments hoisted in 1898 for the Spanish-American War and the merely one of the three to suffer great losses. The United States military was damaged and left with modest manpower after the Civil War approximately 30 years earlier. As a consequence, President William McKinley called upon 1,250 volunteers to help in the conflict efforts. They were described as "Wood's Weary Walkers" subsequent to its first leader, Colonel Leonard Wood, as a recognition of the information that in spite of being a cavalry unit they ended up fighting as infantry soldiers. Wood's second in authority was a former desk helper in the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt, a man who had pressed for US participation in Cuban self-government. When Colonel Wood turned out to be leader of the 1st Cavalry Brigade (1st U.S. Cavalry, 106th U.S. Cavalry, and 1st U.S.V. Cavalry) the Rough Riders then became "Roosevelt's Rough Riders". That term was familiarized in 1898, by Buffalo Bill who called his famous western show "Buffalo Bill's Wild West and Congress of Rough Riders of the World" (Robert, 1993, p. 74).

Roosevelt’s lack of military experience & Achievement
Although Roosevelt was not very experienced in the

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