Ap Language review

994 words 4 pages
Chapter 1 Review Questions
1. What is invention in rhetoric?
Invention in rhetoric is the process of coming up with ideas for speaking or writing. It has three appeals, ethos, logos, and pathos.

2. What is ethos?
Ethos is an appeal based on the character of the speaker or writer.

3. What is logos?
Logos consists of the content of the argument. It also appeals to the intellect.

4. What is pathos?
Pathos appeals to the emotions of the audience.

5. How does ethos, logos, and pathos work together to persuade an audience?
All three come together to persuade and audience because they appeal to the heart and the mind. People don’t make decisions with just one or the other, so this creates maximum persuasive effect. These
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So when all the appeals are used together in a balance it creates a very effective argument.
6. Syllogism is a chain of reasoning. Moving from general, common principles to specific events. It’s about responding to minor things, then addressing more major premises.
7. An enthymemes is a shortened syllogism. It’s a more practical way to argue. Enthymemes are taking the common known facts out of an argument, but an argument could crumble if the audience doesn't know or understand the fact you took out of your argument.
8. You make an enthymeme from a syllogism by taking out the universal principle. Like:
Fish have gills.
A tuna has gills.
In conclusion a tuna is a fish.
It’s a common thing to know that fish have gills, so you could leave that out of an argument when stating that a tuna is a fish.
9. An enthymeme is more useful and practical in analyzing and constructing an argument because when you analyze an argument you often look for the unstated principle that supports the enthymemes. So when constructing an argument you need to grasp the audience and make sure they have acceptance of the unstated principle.
10. Arrangement is when you know what you are going to say but you need to figure out what order you are going to put it in. It is important in analyzing and arranging arguments because if you compose an amazing argument it needs to have everything in the right arrangement or the audience and will fail to grasp your idea,


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