03.01 Isolationism, Intervention, and Imperialism: Assignment

1390 words 6 pages
Monroe Doctrine: statement issued by President James Monroe stating that the Western Hemisphere was off limits to further European intervention
Intervention: involvement by a foreign power in the affairs of another nation, typically to achieve the stronger power's aims
Sphere of Influence: an area or region over which a country has significant cultural, economic, military, or political influence
Isolationism: policy of refraining from involvement in global affairs
Expansionism: policy of growing a nation's physical territory or political influence
Imperialism: policy of creating colonies in weaker nations in order to generate raw materials and have access to new markets
Turner's Thesis: An idea advanced by historian Frederick
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In 1899, this division was complete. The United States annexed its portion of Samoa.
Missionaries and whalers were the first Americans to stop on the Hawaiian Islands. Some eventually settled there. American settlers also began growing sugar and selling it to the United States. Sugar became Hawaii's most important export. Former Americans came to dominate both Hawaii's economy and its government. In 1875, the United States and Hawaii agreed to give the United States favored-nation status. This allowed Hawaiian sugar to be imported to the United States without tariffs. In 1887, the United States pressured the Hawaiian government to allow the United States to establish a naval base at Pearl Harbor in exchange for renewing this agreement.
This agreement ended when Congress passed the McKinley Tariff of 1890. Under pressure from U.S. sugar growers, Congress revoked Hawaii's special privilege and forced Hawaiian sugar growers to compete with U.S. and Cuban sugar producers. As a result, Hawaii faced a severe economic depression. To get around this tariff, planters in Hawaii plotted to make Hawaii a territory of the United States. Political turmoil followed as American Hawaiians clashed with the native government under Queen Liliuokalani. Over the next decade, sugar growers and other U.S. interests pushed to have the Hawaiian Islands annexed by the United States. Hawaii became a U.S. territory in 1900.
Americans wanted to begin trading